Analysts say that many demonstrators took to the streets to voice their disapproval with declining economic conditions, while others have asserted that many protesters joined out of opposition to the theocratic and oppressive rule of the Iranian regime led by Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.
Some Iranians blame reformist President Hassan Rouhani for Iran's woes, saying he's failed to deliver the jobs and foreign investment promised by the 2015 nuclear deal, which relaxed global sanctions.
1/7/2018 3:45 a.m. - Iran's Revolutionary Guard said Sunday the country's people and security forces had defeated unrest fomented by foreign enemies, as parliament and key security officials met to discuss the boldest challenge to the clerical establishment since 2009.
If the United States wants to support the Iranian people's aspirations to a better life, it should put its money where its mouth is. "Why the United States, a permanent member of the Security Council, is undermining the authority of the Security Council as the main body which is responsible for maintaining worldwide peace and security?"
Russian Federation and China are among the countries that are expected to oppose Security Council action on Iran, diplomats said.
The envoy urged the Security Council members to allow Iran to deal with its own problems and rather focus on crisis situations in Lybia, North Korea, Syria.
Reporting in Tehran, Al Jazeera's Zein Basravi said the subsequent pro-government rallies were meant to show Iran's rivals - both inside and outside the country - that there is considerable support for its political establishment.
Tzuriel said that economic protests in Iran are not rare, and are often used by the public as pretext or "cover" for wider political protests.
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From the perspective of finding a solution to the "flash points" in the crisis in the Middle East, the UN Security Council must remain fully committed to upholding the nuclear agreement with Iran and must fully promote its implementation, French Ambassador Francois Delattre said during the emergency meeting.
The head of Lebanon's powerful Tehran-backed Hezbollah movement has said he was confident protests in Iran would be brought under control and leave US President Donald Trump disappointed. The United States has since delivered additional sanctions on Iran. "The world will be watching what you do", Haley said.
"The president and vice president of the United States, in their numerous absurd tweets, incited Iranians to engage in disruptive acts", said Khoshroo in the letter to the Security Council and to UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres.
"The UNSC rebuffed the US' naked attempt to hijack its mandate".
"Majority emphasised the need to fully implement the JCPOA [nuclear deal] and to refrain from interfering in internal affairs of others".
"We warn the USA against attempts to interfere in the internal affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran", Sergei Ryabkov, the Russian deputy foreign minister said in an interview with state news agency TASS. "Another FP [foreign policy] blunder for the Trump administration".
They and the United Kingdom also spoke in favor of keeping the 2015 deal with Tehran in place.
In 2006, President George W. Bush's administration called for an Iran Democracy Fund.